Garden ideas – 22 designs and ideas for outdoor spaces

The design tips, garden ideas and planting tricks you need for the perfect backyard

An example of different garden ideas showing a colourful flower bed in front of small trees and a large leafy hedge
(Image credit: Greencube)

Garden ideas can cover everything from a quick improvement, such as painting architectural features in the new bold colours, to more considered large-scale projects, such as redesigning a space or adding a terrace. 

Right now, our patios, backyards, balconies and terraces are our go-to spaces. They have the power to create the peace, purpose and pleasure we all need in our lives. 

So, if you're looking for garden inspiration and design ideas for your outdoor spaces, look no further than our pick of the best garden ideas for any size or shape of space.

Best garden ideas 2021

1. Create a view

Garden dining table overlooking a view

(Image credit: Claire Merriman Design)

Designing a vista that you can enjoy just a step from your property is top of the garden ideas wish list. Think about how entertaining spaces can flow out from the house with seating areas and smart patio ideas.

In this total overhaul of an overgrown five acre site, central to the design is the large terrace area that sweeps around the house allowing views straight out from the kitchen and living room across colourful borders to the lake and wildflower meadow beyond. 

‘To maintain those views, patio planting across the terrace is predominantly low with swathes of colour from Lavandula angustifolia ‘Hidcote’, Rosmarinus ‘Tuscan Blue’ and Veronica umbrosa ‘Georgia Blue’,' says Claire Merriman of Claire Merriman Design

'Repeated spheres of Elaeagnus ebbingei, Hebe topiaria and Pittosporum tobira Nanum pull the areas of the terrace together while stunning multi-stem Koelreuteria paniculata trees allow views out into the wider landscape.’

Pots on the terrace allow seasonal planting to be added throughout the year.

2. Design with water in mind

An example of garden ideas with a water feature showing a stone trough surrounded by leaves

(Image credit: Butter Wakefield)

Water is a wonderful element to incorporate into outdoor spaces. Not only will it attract wildlife but the sight and sound can be incredibly soothing especially in town scenarios.

‘The magnificent scale of an antique limestone trough adds immediate importance to this city garden,’ says garden designer Butter Wakefield. ‘It effortlessly creates a sense of drama whilst providing a focal point to the immense side elevation of the house.’

Frame a trough like this with a combination of white and pale pink climbing roses and the evergreen Jasmin Trachelospermum.

 3. Divide a large lawn with hedges

Garden lawn with pleached trees in background

(Image credit: Charlotte Rowe)

‘Over-large lawns can feel purpose-less,’ says designer Charlotte Rowe. Dividing the space into garden rooms will ensure that green spaces have different purposes, such as a terrace area for eating or a patch for growing vegetables.

In this project, a rethink of a 600 square metre garden resulted in two lawns separated by layers of box and hornbeam as well as pleached hornbeam trees. 

‘The pleached central hedge cleverly divides the garden, but also allows views down into the shadier part of the garden where the owners have raised garden beds with vegetables and salads as well as a garden shed,’ adds Charlotte Rowe.

Subtle lighting makes this garden atmospheric at night – key trees and pleached hornbeams are uplit while Cor-Ten steel posts, with a rusty finish, create low level lighting along the gravel paths.

This is one of many backyard landscaping ideas for bigger gardens.

4. Create presence and proportion

Garden ideas showing a manicured lawn and shaped hedges in the summer

(Image credit: Joanne Alderson)

In big open spaces, this is one of those garden ideas where it is possible to create interest and intrigue with large-scale topiary and symmetry. The classical Georgian style house in this project, designed by Jo Alderson Phillips and Rob Jones, needed a garden of equal presence and proportion and was built on the site of a neglected tennis court. 

‘The anchors here are a succession of yew topiary domes leading through each colour coordinated garden with the owner’s sculptures creating beautiful sight lines,’ say the designers. ‘We bought the topiary, which each weighed two tonnes, at Solitair in Belgium, a nursery that specialises in these fantastic mature specimens.’

Hedges and intriguing doorways around the garden are planted with Ilex crenata ‘Dark Green’ (Japanese box) and more structural evergreens are provided by umbrella pruned Pinus sylvestris with Osmanthus fragrans providing scent later in the year.

5. Define a path

Garden path with lavender hedge and a stone bench

(Image credit: Charlotte Rowe)

Whatever the shape or size of your garden, it will almost certainly have a path that travels from the back door to the end of your garden. Think about the function as well as aesthetic when looking at garden path ideas and deciding on the line or curve of your path.

In this garden by Charlotte Rowe, in the far end of the garden a swathe of Lavandula angustifolia ‘Munstead’ fragrances the air alongside the path, providing summer nectar for the bees. Understated chunky wooden benches are placed on the other side and under the shade of the garden’s mature trees to create a place to sit and admire the garden.

6. Install a fireplace

Garden fireplace with dining table and swimming pool

(Image credit: Focus Fireplaces)

Whatever the season or climate, a permanent outdoor fireplace is a design focal point as well as a source of heat in the cooler times of the day.

According to Focus fireplaces expert Guillaume Malaise, ‘The Miofocus (shown), like all our outdoor models, should be installed under a protected area and be located at least 10km from the coast. The flue outlet must also be connected to a chimney stack with a cowl.’ 

Bear in mind that these kinds of fireplaces need to have specialist installation and look for high quality, compact outdoor fires that can withstand year-round weather conditions and use.

Our favorite pool ideas are like that of the space above – with the pool another zone within the garden design, rather than a separate, walled-off space – though safety is always an issue with young children.

7. Be bold with color

Garden columns painted turquoise with bright yellow pots

(Image credit: Little Greene)

Color is the new eye catcher for garden ideas. It's often the norm in classic gardens to paint outdoor details in harmonious colors to blend in with surroundings, but outdoor worthy paint formulas are meaning that we can paint architectural features, such as pillars, garden walls and screens in all manner of uplifting hues.

‘We love the idea of adding unique combinations to create a Mediterranean feel amongst dark green foliage,' says Ruth Mottershead, Creative Director of Little Greene.  

Pair a piercing blue paint like 'Marine Blue' on architectural details and pillars with a hit of bright sunshine yellow using plant pots painted in 'Mister David'.

8. Create a night garden

Garden at night with string lighting

(Image credit: Vincent Sheppard)

Good outdoor lighting ideas are key to creating a perfect ambience outdoors and adds a certain je ne sais quoi to social events. Chosen carefully, it submerges everything in a warm glow while adding a magical touch to your evening. 

‘Garland lights are a classic way to create a celebratory atmosphere as night falls – a little roof of light which literally brings people closer together,’ says Coralie Claeys, Managing Director of Vincent Sheppard

These ‘Light My Table’ string lights can be clipped onto the sides of a table and don’t need to be fixed to anything nearby.

9. Be playful with sculpture

A mirrored garden sculpture

(Image credit: David Harber)

When embellishing the garden with additional decoration like a sculpture, consider its surrounding environment and the impact your garden decor ideas may have on your chosen design and overall space. 

‘Decorative items can both harmonize with their immediate surroundings in tone, texture and form or, indeed, create a striking contrast,’ says sculptor David Harber

‘For example, a bright, bold reflective metal piece will both mirror its immediate environment and effectively borrow character and charm from the planting and landscaping surrounding it.’

10. Take tiles from inside to outside

outdoor kitchen with dining table and pizza oven

(Image credit: Little Greene)

Incorporating decorative tiles into an outdoor scheme can create a transition from the house to the garden. This can be particularly effective if the same tiles are used inside and out creating a fluid line from interior to exterior.  

'Decorative tiles also work particularly well in small gardens,' says Lee Thornley, founder of Bert and May, 'and can help to define zones.'

Lay them on the floor and up walls to create an inviting feature or outdoor room – this works particularly well if you are looking for outdoor kitchen ideas which demands a natural transition between indoors and out.

11. Use screens to define areas

Garden with sofa and screen in front

(Image credit: Screen with Envy)

Garden screens are one of those garden ideas that are an excellent way to create little sanctuaries. Great for providing both garden privacy from neighbours and some faraway escapism with pretty Moroccan inspired fretwork. 

‘Be creative with the screens you use, using them to section off areas of your outside space to create specific relaxation zones,’ says Sophie Birkert, founder of Screen with Envy. ‘2021 has seen the home become multifunctional and this can be extended into the garden, with different sectioned off areas designated for different activities.’

How about a kids-only area and a cozy snug just for the adults?

12. Choose furniture to last

Garden dining table with blue wall in background

(Image credit: Little Greene)

When buying garden furniture, it’s important to think about maximising its use. Look at arrangements that focus on comfort which will set the scene for a lazy brunch, or smart armchairs which add a little glamour for cocktail hour. 

‘Sun-soaked spaces are ideal for al fresco entertaining, so choose lightweight furniture that you are able to move your seating to follow the best light,’ says Barlow Tyrie.

A pedestal table with taller legs will create elegant long shadows as time passes, and a high vantage point dramatically enhances your view of the garden and beyond.

13. Plant a long border

Garden with long border

(Image credit: Greencube)

The secret to a successful long border is planting throughout the seasons. In the sunny flower bed idea above, a purple, white and pink fusion was planted by Mandy Buckland of Greencube.

‘The backbone structure includes Taxus domes and Hydrangea 'Madame Emille Mouillere’ but in June it is time for the herbaceous perennials to inject some colour,' says Mandy. 

‘I planted Nepeta 'Walkers Low’ along with Salvia ‘Caradonna’ with added Foxglove seeds to provide vertical height as well as Allium 'Mount Evereste'. Geranium ‘Rozanne’ covers the ground and keeps the weeds out, filling the gaps a workhorse of the mix, this matrix planting changes throughout the seasons. Next are the Pennisetum ornamental grasses along with the Hydrangeas to take the border into Autumn.’

Remember to add height and contrast in the background. Mandy Buckland included standard Ilex 'Nellie R Stevens’ trees to add interest to the background Beech hedge.

14. Add a firepit area

Garden firepit

(Image credit: Magma Firepits)

A moveable heat source in the garden means we can stay out longer and later whatever the season. Choose from firepits, chimneas, and bowls.

‘I have a firepit in my garden that also doubles up as a barbecue,’ says designer Sarah Vanrenen, ‘and we enjoy many nights outside by the fire cooking and keeping warm at the same time.’

Create a zone in your outdoor space that feels like an outdoor living room or cozy nook. 

‘Sometimes a patio can be daunting because there are no defining walls or parameters so I often treat gardens as I do houses, and make “rooms”, by compartmentalising with planting to make different and interesting areas to go to and to sit in,' adds Sarah. 

15. Make your garden bee-friendly

A bee sits on a purple flower

(Image credit: Future/Val Corbett)

Every garden regardless of size can be both bee friendly and beautiful. Bees, like us, favour flowers with bountiful open blooms, and long flowering seasons. 

‘Bees are after pollen and nectar and generous examples include geraniums, lavender, open dahlias and globe thistle,’ says Sean McMenemy, Director of Ark Wildlife. ‘Plus herbs such as marjoram, sage and chives and flowering shrubs like buddleia, cotoneaster and apple blossom.’

Why not make a bee ‘nectar filling station’? It’s simply a pot or pots filled with nectar giving flowers and a shallow dish of water (bees need to drink). Make sure you keep flowers blooming in the pot from March to September by changing them as they fade.

16. Position a pergola

Garden with pool and pergola

(Image credit: Future / Mark Bolton)

A pergola is a simple way to create an enclosed space with a smattering of fragrance if the right plants are incorporated. Be sure of your reasons for embarking on this kind of project before you get going as size, position and planning permission all need to be considered when you're looking at pergola ideas.

‘Only have a pergola or an arbour if you think you absolutely need one,’ says designer Charlotte Rowe. ‘I say this, as often people think that they will give you shelter from the rain when in fact they really don’t and are more useful as a garden shade idea providing shade from the sun. So my first tip would be to think carefully about whether a pergola or arbour will add value to your garden and be sure that it will not give you too much shade!’

Then consider position. You can create a sense of romance with your chosen placement. 

Garden designer Rebecca Smith recommends a pergola that arches over a path through the garden to create a shaded and scented tunnel: ‘In a long garden, a pergola placed at the end of the garden can create a “destination” for different times of day and can also help screen a garage or garden shed for view,’ she says.

17. Dress your space

A garden patio with cream and pink sofa set

(Image credit: Neptune)

When designing an outdoor space it’s important to consider a number of things, primarily comfortable seating, lighting and texture. 

‘Our Hayburn sofas are the perfect way to combine comfort and relaxation with contemporary aesthetic and efficient design,’ says George Miller, Home Designer at Neptune, of the brand's patio furniture ideas.

‘With deep-seated cushions and an all-weather wicker-weave base, the seating has been designed to be outside rain or shine. Add a simple sheepskin or throw to ward off the cool evening chill and scatter cushions for a drop of color. Dressing your space with layers will create character, personality and an inviting atmosphere.'

As for lighting, weather-proof cordless lamps and festoon lights are both perfect for sliding into the darker nights. 

18. Consider pavers

Garden with pavers, fireplace and chair

(Image credit: Little Greene)

In their various finishes – ranging from wood or stone effects to tactile surfaces that resemble concrete – tiles combine superlative appearance with outstanding longevity. 

Be sure that whatever you choose for your patio the materials are resistant to loads, slipping, frost, thermal shock, mould, stains and the action of chemicals including salt, often used to prevent ice on outdoor surfaces. 

Gardens, patios or paths across lawns can be laid dry on sand and gravel for a contemporary take and facilitates drainage. 

19. Work with a garden designer

An example of cottage garden ideas with a meadow and a rustic fence

(Image credit: Farlam and Chandler)

In the UK, The Society of Garden Designers (SGD) is a great place to start your search, as the registered designers have all been subject to scrutiny and the adjudication of their projects, with the letters MSGD and FSGD denoting a qualified member. 

‘Most designers are “civil engineers” with a love of plants, meaning that the entire project comes under their jurisdiction,’ says Louisa Bell MSGD.

But it’s not just about the technical side. ‘A good designer has the imagination to create a bespoke design for you,' says Juliet Sargeant FSGD, 'plus the ingenuity to solve the site problems and the practical experience to implement the plans cost-effectively.’ 

Being clear about your needs from the offset will help with the design process and a good designer will make sure to draw out every detail about exactly what your wants and needs are – knowing how to commission a garden designer will help get the best from them. 

‘The best projects are formed by a great working relationship and the process is fun. The right designer will be able to help in the right way,’ add Ben Chandler of Farlam & Chandler

21. Plant a cottage garden

Garden with bistro set on patio

(Image credit: Rosemary Coldstream)

Traditional cottage garden ideas encapsulate a hand-made, do-it-yourself style of gardening. When it comes to planting include a mix of simple flowers and edible plants. 

‘Always think right plant, right place’,' says garden designer Rosemary Coldstream

Roses are the first choice but they must be scented. Then add height with Hollyhocks, Delphiniums and Foxgloves. For other flower shapes try the flat panicles of Achillea, ball shaped inflorescences of Globe Thistle (Echinops ritro) or cheerful daisy flowers of Leucanthemum or Rudbeckia.

‘Scented, herbal and healing varieties will by definition be beneficial to butterflies and bees, and when combined with some good structure you will have a chocolate box image of an English garden,’ adds Debbie Roberts of Acres Wild.

22. Define a space with a rug

Garden with an outdoor rug

(Image credit: nanimarquina)

For courtyard gardens, roof gardens, terraces, yards or other outdoor areas, a rug is a useful way to define a zone and create a purposeful area. Go for an outdoor rug that has the design and feel of its indoor cousins but is water and weatherproof. 

‘I like to design rugs that are visually amazing, that people will enjoy,’ says Nani Marquina of nanimarquina.

Choose materials that are weather resistant such as recycled PET fibre that gives a second lease of life to plastic bottles, guaranteeing the traceability and certification of the materials and the manufacturing processes.

How can I make my garden look more beautiful?

‘Designing’ our gardens as opposed to just ‘gardening’ our outdoor spaces is the starting point for the nirvana of a ‘beautiful’ garden. Just like a good-looking room, the trick to how to plan a garden perfectly is to consider how the space is used, how you want it to make you feel, the colour palette, the personality and the functionality. 

Designer Ben Chandler of Farlam & Chandler takes a look at the owner’s tastes when it comes to defining the right style for a project - and you can take the same approach. 

‘We ask our clients what they enjoy about gardens, whether they have favourite gardens or houses they have visited and if they have favourite plants,’ he says. 

Here’s what to consider:

A hot tub in front of a log cabin with an outdoor fireplace

(Image credit: Future)
  • Think about the space as a whole. Is it pleasing to the eye? Does the space flow from area to area? Drawing the eye to a series of focal points gives the garden multi-dimensional interest. Small trees that look good in all seasons, such as the Himalayan Birch ‘Grayswood Ghost’, are a way to punctuate an area. But structures, furniture and objects, such as an outdoor rug or mirror, also work. 
  • How do you want to feel in your garden? Emotions play a big part in how we experience a space. Make a list of what’s important to you. For instance, do you want to feel relaxed? Then a hot tub, sauna or a yoga space could be a good idea. Is fun and play important? Perhaps a games area where a tennis table, petanque or table football would be worth considering. 
  • Play with the senses. A garden that truly nourishes the soul is not all about looks – scent, sound, movement, light and texture all have a role, too, and adding them to the mix will make your plot extra special. For a sensory garden, combine touchy-feely grasses, such as Stipa tenuissima, with the highly scented, brightly coloured blooms of oriental lilies. Cover pergolas in wisteria and roses to perfume the air. 
  • Make it functional. Many of us are trying to make the most of garden spaces. We’re really looking to our gardens as a space for connecting with friends and family, so having the capacity for socialising is essential. Outdoor kitchens are the perfect example of this as cooking can be such a communal activity. The fun doesn’t have to stop at barbecues either – you can build up a whole kitchen area complete with grill, pizza oven and prep area. External showers and baths are also hot on everyone’s lips especially for coastal or lakeside properties. An outdoor shower or bath couldn’t be easier to fit. Hot water can be installed easily next to or near an existing exterior tap or on any wall that has a cloakroom, bathroom or kitchen on the other side. You may also want to include areas for growing, composting and storage.
  • Colour theming is the icing on the cake. What palette do you want to achieve - all white, purples and greens, a colour spectrum? Research flowers, trees and shrubs that fit your theme and work towards a limited palette of maximum five colours.

An outdoor shower next to a black wooden building with a bright yellow towel close by

(Image credit: Plumbworld)

How can I make my garden easier to look after?

Let’s face it gardening can be time consuming and sometimes we just don’t have the patience or inclination to tend to our green spaces. Here are a few simple garden ideas to make life a little easier...

  • Zoning your outdoor space into areas or ‘rooms’ is a popular trick. Pergolas, trellis dividers, archways, walls, hedges and doors can all be used to divide even a garden into two or more smaller areas, each with their own individual mood or uses. Garden zoning makes caring and tending more manageable and on the plus side adds interest and allows you to incorporate different garden styles        
  • Know your plants. Reading up on the preferred growing conditions of plants before you buy them will save you time, energy and money. Sun-loving roses, for instance, won’t thank you for being put in the dark, whereas the ‘Olivia’ from David Austin Roses, will thrive in shaded areas. Self-seeders, such as poppies, aquilegia, forget me knots, will come back year after year with very little maintenance.
  • Hard landscaping is an easy win as it cuts down on lawn mowing and maintenance. Large areas of pavers or tiles can easily look dull, but there are ways to bring it to life. You can transform pedestrian grey paving by replacing a few slabs with a square of lawn turf or herbs, such as thyme and camomile, creating an attractive chessboard effect. Laying a new path or patio? Go for sustainable stone in a style that suits your outdoor space. Herringbone brick gives the feel of a cottage garden, while travertine paving injects a modern air. Pea gravel looks good anywhere, plus it deters burglars! 

Large terracotta pots filled with green grasses on a brick patio

(Image credit: Future)

What are good themes for a garden?

There are a myriad of garden styles the world over that can adopt or use as inspiration for our own gardens. The following garden ideas will help you...

Wild meadow ‘Habitats for our native wildlife are shrinking – but it doesn’t have to be this way. Planting wildflowers as well as giving nature space to recover by leaving areas of gardens to go wild all makes a difference.’ So says Mark Wright, Director of Science at the WWF.  The first step is shifting your mindset around gardening. Don’t be afraid to let your outdoor spaces grow a little wild as wildflower habitats have traditionally provided a home for bees and beetles to birds and small animals to thrive in! Choose at least some plants that are native – whether trees or shrubs, hedges or wildflowers – and others that are attractive to insects. For example, buddleia is great for butterflies, whilst lavender, Verbena bonariensis and Echinops all provide pollen and nectar for bees.

Woodland If you live in a rural area, you may already have the making of a garden dominated by native trees and vertical climbers. Look to the base of those trees for signs of the ‘woodlanders’ as gardener Carol Klein calls them. Snowdrops, bluebells, aconites, epimediums and hellebores are typical small plants that love the shade and damp conditions. You can build upon this habitat by planting by the seasons: spring bulbs such as cyclamen and narcissus, taller summer bulbs such lilies, mixed with unfurling and fronded ferns and interesting coloured barks.